Energy data

energy-theme-teal

States and territories

Queensland consumed around 25% of Australia’s total energy consumption in
2021-22 and New South Wales consumed roughly 24%. Western Australia consumed about 22% and Victoria consumed about 20%.

In 2021-22, consumption fell 2% in New South Wales and South Australia and 1% in Queensland due to fuel switching to renewables in the electricity generation sector and declines in road transport activity. Consumption in all other states and territories rose between 2% and 3% due to higher transport activity and increased electricity generation activity.

 

2021–22 PJ

2021–22 share
(per cent)

2021–22 growth
(per cent)

10 year
average annual growth
(per cent)

New South Wales (refer to notes below)

1,374.4

23.9

-1.9

-1.6

Victoria

1,146.1

19.9

1.6

-2.4

Queensland

1,427.8

24.8

-1.0

0.8

Western Australia

1,257.8

21.8

1.5

2.5

South Australia

301.1

5.2

-2.5

-0.2

Tasmania

105.0

1.8

1.9

-0.2

Northern Territory

149.8

2.6

3.0

4.3

Australia

5,762.1

100.0

-0.1

-0.2

Note: Includes Australian Capital Territory

Source: Department of Climate Change, Energy, the Environment and Water (2023) Australian Energy Statistics, Table C

Oil makes up at least one third of energy use in every state and territory except the Northern Territory, where it makes up a quarter. This reflects the importance of oil products to transport.

Outside of oil, however, the energy mix varies between states and territories due to factors such as electricity generation source and industrial activities.

New South Wales’ energy mix contains the largest share of coal, 39%, due to the high percentage of electricity generation from coal.

Natural gas makes up the majority of energy use in Northern Territory (74%) and Western Australia (54%). LNG plants in these two jurisdictions consume natural gas as they liquefy it for export, and gas is also the majority source for electricity generation.

Nearly half of the energy use in Tasmania (46%) is renewable energy, principally hydro power, and renewables also constitute 16% of South Australian energy use.

Australian energy mix, by state and territory, 2021-22

Stacked bar chart of fuel use in each state and territory plus Australia as a whole. The shares vary with renewables highest in TAS and SA and gas highest in the NT and WA. Oil is significant everywhere and is the largest share in NSW and QLD.