Energy data

energy-theme-teal

Energy consumption

Australia’s energy consumption fell 0.1% in 2021-22 to 5,762 PJ, the third successive year of decline and down 7% from the all-time peak of 6,188 PJ in 2018-19. The drop in consumption in 2021-22 was 7 PJ.

Fossil fuels (coal, oil and gas) accounted for 91% of Australia’s primary energy mix in 2021-22. Oil accounted for the largest share of Australia’s primary energy mix in 2021-22, at 37%, followed by coal (28%) and gas (27%). Renewable energy sources accounted for 9%.

Australian energy consumption - by fuel type

 

2021–22 PJ

2021–22 share

(per cent)

2021–22 growth

(per cent)

10 year

average annual growth

(per cent)

Oil

2,103.4

36.5

1.0

-0.4

Coal

1,586.8

27.5

-4.5

-2.6

Gas

1,559.3

27.1

-0.1

1.5

Renewables

512.5

8.9

10.3

5.7

Total

5,762.1

100.0

-0.1

-0.2

Source: Department of Climate Change, Energy, the Environment and Water (2023), Australian Energy Statistics, Table C

Australian energy consumption - by fuel type - chart

Stacked area chart showing consumption of coal, oil, gas and renewables over time. Oil use has declined sharply in the last three years but is still the largest share. Gas and coal are similar shares to each other now and about two thirds of oil consumption each. Historoically coal was bigger. Renewables is small although slowly increasing.