© Commonwealth of Australia 2023

The material on this website is copyright Commonwealth of Australia, except where otherwise noted.

With the exception of the Commonwealth Coat of Arms and where otherwise noted, Commonwealth copyright material on this website is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0).

Details of the relevant license conditions are available on the Creative Commons website as is the full legal code for the CC BY 4.0.

You are free to copy, communicate and adapt the Commonwealth copyright material, so long as you attribute the Commonwealth of Australia as the author of the original material.

Permission to use third party copyright content in this publication can be sought from the relevant third party copyright owner/s.

Use of the Coat of Arms

Guidelines for use of the Coat of Arms are published by the Department of Prime Minister and Cabinet.

Like what you see on and want to share it?

If you want to re-post something you've found on we suggest that you use the following text and link back to our site.

This article was first published on [link to home page] and reposted on [your site name].

If you wish to use shorter text your acknowledgement should include as a minimum:

by and via [your site].

If you intend to link to, please be aware that you must not imply that the Australian Government endorses your website or its content