Energy trade

Australia is a substantial net exporter of energy, including coal and natural gas, with net exports equating to over two-thirds of production. 88% of black coal production and 74% of natural gas production were exported in 2018–19.

Liquefied natural gas exports grew by 21% in 2018–19 and have grown by an average of 17% per year in the last decade.

Most of Australia’s energy imports are of refined petroleum products and crude oil. Domestic refineries imported around 75% of their feedstock, while nearly 60% of refined product consumption in Australia was met by imports.

Australian energy trade 2018–19

The figure shows Australian energy imports and exports in 2018–19 by energy type in petajoules. Over this period Australia exported 15,911 PJ and imported 2,451 PJ of energy. 70% of Australia’s exported energy was black coal and 26% natural has. More than 90% of energy imports were refined petroleum products and crude oil.