Australia is a substantial net exporter of energy, including coal and natural gas, with net exports equating to over two-thirds of production. 88% of black coal production and 74% of natural gas production were exported in 2018–19.
Liquefied natural gas exports grew by 21% in 2018–19 and have grown by an average of 17% per year in the last decade.
Most of Australia’s energy imports are of refined petroleum products and crude oil. Domestic refineries imported around 75% of their feedstock, while nearly 60% of refined product consumption in Australia was met by imports.