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Energy consumption

Australia’s energy consumption fell by 2.9% in 2019-20 to 6,014 PJ. This compares with average growth of 0.7% a year in the prior decade (2009-10 to 2018-19). The drop in consumption in 2019-20 was 182 PJ.

Fossil fuels (coal, oil and gas) accounted for 93% of Australia’s primary energy mix in 2019-20. Oil accounted for the largest share of Australia’s primary energy mix in 2019-20, at 37%, followed by coal (28%) and gas (27%). Renewable energy sources accounted for 7%.

Australian energy consumption - by fuel type

Australian energy consumption - by fuel type
  2019-20 Average annual growth
  PJ share (%) 2019–20 (%) 10 years (%)
Oil 2,241.2 37.3 -6.9 0.1
Coal 1,706.6 28.4 -5.3 -2.4
Gas 1,647.2 27.4 3.8 2.9
Renewables 418.8 7.0 4.6 4.0
Total 6,013.8 100.0 -2.9 0.2

Source: Department of Industry, Science, Energy and Resources (2021), Australian Energy Statistics, Table C

Australian energy consumption - by fuel type - chart

This figure shows Australian energy consumption, by fuel type in PJ from 1974-75 to 2019-20. Energy consumption fell by 3% in 2019-20 to reach 6,014 PJ. This compares with average growth of 0.2% a year over the past 10 years. Fossil fuels (coal, oil and gas) accounted for 93% of Australia’s primary energy mix in 2019-20.