About this guide
Having a baby or growing your family through adoption or permanent care is an exciting time and one where you have to make many complex decisions. It's also a time when costs can rise sharply and your family income may be reduced.
Given it’s such a busy time, it’s easy to forget that many of the decisions you make at this time could lock you into higher energy use and costs into the future. For example, you may be deciding to upgrade your car or purchase a second car, move house, renovate or decorate or buy new appliances or things for your baby.
This guide gives some easy, practical and realistic tips on how to reduce your costs and impacts without blowing your budget.
Preparing your home for a new child is a rewarding time that involves lots of important decisions. To help you as you prepare your home for a baby, energy.gov.au has lots of information on how to make more efficient choices when moving, building or renovating as well as rebates and assistance that are available from the Australian, state and territory governments.
Having a baby can make you look at your home in new ways. You may even decide that you need to move in order to be in a more comfortable or functional home. If you decide to move house, Your Home will take you through the process of choosing or building a new home, explaining what to look for and the important questions to ask.
Building and renovating
With a new baby on the way you may decide to renovate to make your home more comfortable or functional. Whether you're planning a major renovation or just upgrading a family room, Your Home will provide helpful advice on creating a renovation that meets your needs and provides the best value for money, now and for a long time to come.
Remember, if your home was built before 1970 it may contain lead-based paints which can be hazardous if disturbed. If you're doing renovations, you need to take care to protect yourself and your family from even small amounts of dust from lead-based paint. The Lead alert facts: Lead in house paint fact sheet has information on precautions to take and how to dispose of waste containing lead.
Additionally, if you're renovating a home built before the mid-1980s, be aware that it may contain asbestos cement (AC/fibro) sheeting. Generally if not disturbed this is not a health risk, but make sure you seek professional advice before renovating and about removal. You can contact your local council or state health authority for advice.
Painting and decorating
Most parents enjoy decorating their baby's nursery but there are some decisions to make, and some things to avoid.
Pregnant women should avoid exposure to oil-based paints, old paint that may contain lead, and some latex paints that contain mercury. Most water-based paints can be used but always check the label for contents that could be harmful. Choosing paints with low or no VOCs (volatile organic compounds) can improve indoor air quality. Painting should always be done in a well-ventilated area to minimise breathing in fumes. Wear protective clothing and gloves and never eat or drink in the painting work area.
Shopping and baby showers
Buying second-hand items can help to save money and reduce waste. Many good quality baby products are safe to buy second-hand. However, for safety reasons it's not advisable to buy second-hand car seats and older cots and cribs, as these may be unsafe, damaged or fail to meet current mandatory safety standards. If you buy or are given second-hand electrical items, it's advisable to have them checked by a qualified electrician before use. Surveys have shown that recalled products can still end up for sale second-hand, so it's also useful to check before you buy. For tips on choosing and using infant and nursery products safely, you can view the keeping baby safe videos.
Going to the library provides a great outing for families and provides variety without the need to purchase large volumes of books, music or DVDs. Toy libraries are available in many locations, and good second-hand toys are readily available. Most babies are as intrigued by toys you can make at home such as a jar filled with rice or a cupboard full of pots and pans than any toys you can buy.
When it comes to gifts from others, a baby shower doesn’t have to involve excess ‘stuff’. You could ask for gifts like re-usable cloth nappies or donations of second-hand items. Or, you could have a shower without presents, where guests could be asked to record hopes and dreams for your child in a special book. You could also have a book shower and ask guests to bring a copy (new or used) of their favourite children's book.
Energy use at home
Having a child means many changes in your home. Some you may be expecting—like the mountains of nappies and changes to your routine, but some you may not be expecting. Did you know that having a baby can lead to a 25% increase in household energy consumption? There are many reasons for this—you may have more people home during the day leading to increases in heating and cooling, you may want to keep the temperature more controlled for baby, there may be extra washing and drying and so on.
You may want to take a fresh look at your energy use at home and try some of our tips to help you reduce your energy bills.
Choosing energy-efficient appliances and running them efficiently can help reduce the impact of rising energy use. The price tag doesn't tell the whole story when weighing up the cost of a new refrigerator or washing machine. Many appliances that have a less expensive purchase price may end up costing you far more in energy costs over the lifetime of the product. If you look at the running costs like a 'second price tag' it could help you decide which appliance to buy. Many electric appliances sold in Australia have an Energy Rating Label to help you compare how much electricity the product uses against other appliances.
Did you know that home entertainment systems and electronic gadgets are quietly adding to your power bills? Up to 10% of the electricity used in your home is consumed by gadgets plugged in but not in use, like your TV, mobile phone charger, portable music docks and stereos. If it's got a little light on or clock—it's using power. Switching off electronics that are on standby mode can save quite a bit of money over the course of a year.
Heating and cooling
Don't heat or cool rooms that you're not using. Turn heating and cooling off or adjust ot when you're out of the house.
Over-heating and over-cooling a baby can have serious risks. Thermal stress (over-heating) has been implicated in Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SUDI and SIDS), so monitor temperatures in your home and adjust them when necessary.
If you've been away for more than a few days you may have turned off your storage hot water system. When you return and switch it back on, allow plenty of time for the water to heat back up to at least 60°C and remain at that temperature for a minimum of 35 minutes to kill any bacteria that may have grown. It could take several hours for the water to heat before you can safely use it.
Washing and drying clothes
The most energy and water efficient way to wash clothes is to run the machine with a full load using cold water. Front load washing machines are more efficient than top loaders, as they use less detergent and wash more gently.
Clothes dryers are big energy users, particularly if you use them all the time. Using a 'solar dryer'—your outdoor clothes line—is the best way to dry clothes. It's free, and the sun provides natural sterilization and bleaching. You could also use an indoor clothes rack, particularly in winter in a room you are already heating.
The daily routine
Once baby arrives on the scene, there are plenty of day-to-day activities to keep new parents busy. Here are a few tips to help you care for baby while making the best use of your time and resources. With a little preparation you can meet your baby's needs while ensuring your household's bills don't go up.
Bathing a baby doesn't use a lot of water but all those baths add up. Remember that baby bath water is good for re-using on gardens (avoid the veggie patch). To save your back, transfer the water into a bucket or invest in a greywater hose.
If you're spending lots of money on various cleaning products for your house and are concerned about the number and level of chemicals in these products, try surfing the internet for 'green cleaning' to find advice and recipes for cleaning your home using natural products like bicarbonate of soda and vinegar.
Consider removing chemicals and other hazardous waste from your house before your baby becomes mobile, or ensure that they're stored safely and securely. If you're disposing of hazardous household waste it's best to contact your local council for information on how to dispose of hazardous waste.
Planet Ark’s ‘Recycling Near You’ is also useful for finding out about what is recyclable in your area.
Save money and excess packaging by making your own baby food. Ice cube trays can be used to freeze food in small portions for later use. Heat food in microwaves in glass or in specifically labelled microwave-safe containers. Reducing food waste is another way to save money and minimise your impact on the environment.
CSIRO research shows that Australians are throwing away over one billion disposable nappies each year, with each of these taking up to 300 years to decompose.
A decision on cloth versus disposable nappies may seem like a clear choice, but each option has environmental impacts. The impact of cloth nappies comes mainly from the water and energy used to wash and dry the nappies. The biggest impact of disposable nappies comes from production and disposal.
There have been a number of recent life cycle assessments on the impact of these choices. Using cloth nappies isn't always the best environmental choice—if you always wash them in hot water and tumble dry them they may even have a greater impact than disposables. If, however, you wash and dry them efficiently—generally washing full loads, washing in cool or cold water and line drying them as much a possible—the impact is far less than for using disposables. If you buy second-hand cloth nappies, or use them on a second child, and if you wash in an efficient front-loading machine, the impacts get even lower. Cloth nappies are also considerably cheaper than disposable options.
Choice estimates a baby will use about 6500 nappies from birth to toilet training so it's well worth considering your options. Cloth nappies are available in many styles from the traditional terry towelling squares to fitted modern cloth nappies with Velcro or snap closures. You might want to choose cloth nappies for some of the time, but use disposables when you are travelling or for overnight stays—there's no single answer that suits every family.
There's little difference between the environmental impact of biodegradable and non-biodegradable nappies. Putting biodegradable disposable nappies in the rubbish has the same impact as putting a non-biodegradable nappy in the rubbish. To achieve any environmental benefit biodegradable nappies would need to be composted.
Out and about
Having a child is often a time when parents re-think their transportation choices, but this doesn't always have to mean buying a bigger car or an additional car.
Changing or buying a second car
Are you thinking about changing your car? If you do, try to choose a fuel-efficient car. A fuel-efficient car can save you thousands of dollars in running costs and reduce your environmental impact.
Are you thinking about buying a second car? If you can do without a second car you're likely to save thousands of dollars each year on car registration, insurance, loans and running costs. The money you’ll save by not buying a second car can often cover trips by taxi when you need more than one car. Even if you have a car, you don't have to use it for every trip you take.
Alternatives to the car
While cars provide an essential service for many of us, changing your transport routine to include walking, cycling and public transport has many benefits for the whole family. Many children love catching the bus, while pushing a pram can be a great way to get some incidental exercise into a busy day. Cycling is also a good choice as children get older, using options such as a trailer attached to the rear of the bike, a tag-along or a child bike seat.
Resources and assistance
Lead alert facts: Lead in house paint Australian Government
RecyclingNearYou Planet Ark
E-waste recycling TechCollect
Having a baby Australian Government
Our services Australian Government
Raising Children Network Resource for parents, from pregnancy to newborns to teenagers.
Starting a family Australian Government
Your Home Australian Government
ACT Parent Link ACT Government
NSW Pre pregnancy planning Family Planning NSW
NT Territory Families Northern Territory Government
Qld Parents and families Queensland Government
SA Parenting SA Government of South Australia
Tas Child Health & Parenting Service (CHaPS) Tasmanian Government
Vic Health and social support State Government of Victoria
WA Parenting Government of Western Australia