Australia is transitioning to a new energy future. As our energy system transitions, the Australian Government’s priority is affordable electricity for all Australian households and businesses and ensuring there is enough electricity generation to reliably supply households and businesses.
A major package of measures was announced on 23 October 2018 to save Australian families hundreds of dollars a year off their power bills, though a new 'price safety net', action to stop customers being ripped off by energy retailers and by improving competition.
New support for reliable power will be achieved by requiring energy companies to sign contracts guaranteeing enough energy to meet demand. The Australian Government will work with state and territory governments through the Council of Australian Governments (COAG) Energy Council to ensure these contracts are in place.
Price safety net
The Australian Government will introduce a default market offer for households and small businesses, consistent with the recommendations of the Australian Competition and Consumer Commission (ACCC) Retail Electricity Pricing Inquiry report. The default offer will put limits on excessively priced standing offers for those customers who are not subject to state-based price regulation. This will act as a safety net, protecting customers from being exploited while still allowing more competitively-priced market offers.
The Australian Energy Market Commission (AEMC) found that customers on standing offers could be paying up to $832 per year more than the cheapest market offer in some regions. Small businesses could be paying up to $3,457 per year in higher electricity costs.
Stronger protections for energy consumers
The Australian Government will introduce legislation to implement a strong regime to crack down on poor market practices. The legislation will:
- empower the ACCC to recommend a range of enforcement remedies where unacceptable outcomes have been identified
- empower the Treasurer to order divestiture of asset on advice from the ACCC (as a last resort)
- enhance the Australian Energy Regulator’s (AER) information-gathering powers
- support the COAG Energy Council agenda through Commonwealth legislation if required
The government will propose rule changes to the AEMC to better protect customers, including placing limits on the penalties customers can face when they don’t pay on time.
The government is also developing legislation to implement a strong regime to monitor electricity prices including:
- empowering the ACCC to recommend a range of enforcement remedies
- empowering the Treasurer to order the divestiture of assets on advice from the ACCC
- supporting the COAG Energy Council agenda through Commonwealth legislation if required
The government will also propose an ambitious agenda for the COAG Energy Council including:
- introducing a market cap on generation ownership
- increasing transparency in the wholesale contract market
- introducing higher penalties for breaches of the National Electricity Law and related laws, of up to $10 million
- increasing the AER’s powers to investigate market manipulation and impose appropriate remedies
More reliable electricity
Underwriting new generation investments
The Australian Government will attract new investment in reliable generation to increase competition, reduce electricity prices and improve reliability and security. It will increase the level of firm or firmed capacity in the system, that is, the amount of energy generation that can be available when needed.
The program’s primary objective is to reduce wholesale electricity prices through increased competition and supply in a manner that:
- assists commercial and industrial customers to access affordable energy supply arrangements
- improves reliability and security by increasing the level of firm and firmed capacity in the system
- minimises costs to electricity consumers and taxpayers
The government is consulting on the proposed program over a three week period ending on 9 November. There will be stakeholder roundtables in Sydney and Melbourne to share feedback ahead of providing written submissions.
For more information on consultations www.environment.gov.au/energy/underwritingnewgeneration
Retailer Reliability Obligation
The Australian Government will support a reliable energy system by requiring companies to hold contracts or invest directly in dispatchable energy to meet demand. This will give households and businesses confidence that enough generation will be available to meet their electricity needs.
The Australian Energy Market Operator (AEMO) predicts that over the next 10 years there will be supply shortfalls in Victoria, New South Wales and South Australia if the market does not respond to fill the gaps.
The Energy Security Board (ESB) has been working to deliver a mechanism that ensures the reliable supply of energy for households and businesses in the National Electricity Market (NEM).
A Retailer Reliability Obligation is a long-term solution that will encourage investment in the right types of technology to ensure reliability. The obligation will be set to deliver the right level of dispatchable energy or ‘on demand’ sources (coal, gas, pumped hydro and batteries) needed in each state.
The Commonwealth is committed to working with the states and territories, through the COAG Energy Council, to progress the implementation of the obligation.
Australian Competition and Consumer Commission Australian Government
Final Report of the ACCC Electricity Supply Prices Australian Government