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States and territories

Queensland consumed around 25% of Australia’s total energy consumption in 2019-20 and New South Wales consumed roughly 24%. Victoria and Western Australia each consumed about 21%.

In 2019-20, all growth in energy use was in Western Australia and Northern Territory where gas consumption by LNG plants increased with higher production levels.

Energy use in all other states fell, largely due a shift from combustion-based electricity generation sources (which have thermal losses) with non-thermal renewables, reducing consumption by the electricity generation sector.

Australian energy consumption - by state and territory

 

2019–20

Average annual growth

 

PJ

share

%

2018–19

%

10 years

%

NSW a

 1,468.8

 24.4

-5.1

-1.4

Victoria

  1,235.6

 20.5

-5.3

-1.8

Queensland

1,477.5

 24.6

-2.5

1.9

Western Australia

 1,271.9

 21.2

0.5

2.9

South Australia

312.7

 5.2

-2.7

-1.0

Tasmania

 99.4

1.7

-7.6

-1.5

Northern Territory

  147.9

 2.5

11.2

4.5

Total

 6,013.8

 100.0

-2.9

0.2

Notes: a Includes Australian Capital Territory

Source: Department of Industry, Science, Energy and Resources (2021) Australian Energy Statistics, Table C

 

Oil makes up at least one quarter of energy use in every state and territory, which reflects the importance of oil products to transport.

Outside of oil, however, the energy mix varies between states and territories due to factors such as electricity generation source and industrial activities.

New South Wales’ energy mix contains the largest share of coal, 41%, due to the high percentage of electricity generation from coal.

Natural gas makes up the majority of energy use in Northern Territory (74%) and Western Australia (55%). LNG plants in these two jurisdictions consume natural gas as they liquefy it for export, and gas is also the majority source for electricity generation.

Nearly half of the energy use in Tasmania (48%) is renewable energy, principally hydro power, and renewables also constitute 13% of South Australian energy use.

Australian energy mix, by state and territory, 2019–20

Stacked bar chart of Australian energy mix, by state and territory, 2019-20. Per cent is on the y axis. The states are on the x axis. In order from left to right the states are: NSW, VIC, QLD, WA, SA, TAS, NT and AUS. The fuel types are represented by colours. Dark blue is coal. Light blue is oil. Teal is gas and grey is renewables. The shares vary between states, with renewables highest in TAS and SA, coal highest in NSW and QLD, and gas highest in the NT and WA.