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States and territories

Queensland and New South Wales each consumed 25% of Australia’s total energy consumption in 2018–19. Victoria and Western Australia each consumed about 21% respectively.

In 2018–19, all growth in energy use was in Western Australia and Northern Territory where gas consumption by LNG plants increased with higher production levels.

Energy use in all other states fell, largely due to a shift from combustion-based electricity generation sources (which have thermal losses) to non-thermal renewables, reducing consumption by the electricity generation sector.

Australian energy consumption - by state and territory

 

2018–19

Average annual growth

 

PJ

share

(per cent)

2018–19

(per cent)

10 years

(per cent)

New South Wales a

 1,540.6

 24.9

-0.3

-0.7

Victoria

 1,297.6

 20.9

-1.5

-1.0

Queensland

 1,525.3

 24.6

-1.8

1.8

Western Australia

 1,261.0

 20.4

4.5

3.7

South Australia

 322.6

 5.2

-3.8

-0.7

Tasmania

 108.8

 1.8

-1.9

-0.6

Northern Territory

 140.1

 2.3

53.8

4.5

Total

 6,196.0

 100.0

0.6

0.7

Notes: a Includes Australian Capital Territory

Source: Department of Industry, Science, Energy and Resources (2020) Australian Energy Statistics, Table C

 

Energy use in every state and territory includes oil as over a one-third share, which reflects the importance of oil products to transport.

Outside of oil, however, the energy mix varies between states and territories due to factors such as electricity generation source and industrial activities.

New South Wales’ energy mix contains the largest share of coal, 42%, due to the high percentage of electricity generation from coal.

The majority of energy use in Northern Territory (66%) and Western Australia (53%) is natural gas. LNG plants in these two jurisdictions consume natural gas as they liquefy it for export, and gas is also the majority source for electricity generation.

Nearly half of energy use in Tasmania (43%) is renewable energy, principally hydro power, and renewables also constitute 12% of South Australian energy use.

Australian energy mix, by state and territory, 2018–19

AES Chart 2020 update