States and territories

Queensland and New South Wales each consumed 25 % of Australia’s total energy consumption in 2017–18. Victoria and Western Australia consumed a further 22 % and 20 % respectively.

The energy mix varies between states and territories. Coal provided more than 41 % of primary energy used in New South Wales and more than 35 % in Victoria and Queensland in 2017–18, while natural gas provide more than 51 % of primary energy used in Western Australia and the Northern Territory. Renewables accounted for 42 % of the primary energy mix in Tasmania in 2017–18.

Australian energy consumption - by state and territory

 

2016–17

 

Average annual growth

 

PJ

share

(%)

 

2016–17

(%)

10 years

(%)

New South Wales a

1,557.9

 25.2

2.0

-0.6

Victoria

 1,330.1

 21.6

-5.0

-0.2

Queensland

 1,537.7

 24.9

0.5

 1.9

Western Australia

 1,206.6

 19.5

2.7

 4.0

South Australia

 337.9

 5.5

14.7

-2.2

Tasmania

 109.6

 1.8

1.5

-0.6

Northern Territory

 92.0

 1.5

10.6

-1.6

Total

6,171.7

 100.0

0.9

 0.8

Notes: a Includes Australian Capital Territory

Source: Department of the Environment and Energy (2019) Australian Energy Statistics, Table C

Australian energy mix, by state and territory, 2017-18

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Source: Department of the Environment and Energy (2019) Australian Energy Statistics, Table C