Renewables

Renewable energy sources accounted for 6 per cent of Australian energy consumption in 2016–17, comprising mainly biomass, hydro and wind energy. This includes renewable energy use for electricity generation, as well as direct use of renewables such as firewood for residential heating, bagasse use in manufacturing and solar hot water.

In 2018, 19 per cent of Australia’s total electricity generation was from renewable energy sources, including hydro (7 per cent), wind (6 per cent), and solar (5 per cent). The share of renewable energy generation increased from 15 per cent in 2017.

 

2016–17

Average annual growth

 

PJ

share

(per cent)

2016–17

(per cent)

10 years

(per cent)

Biomass

205.4

54.2

5.0

-0.2

   - wood, woodwaste, sulphite lyes

95.1

25.1

1.9

-0.4

   - bagasse

110.3

29.1

7.9

-0.1

Municipal & industrial waste

2.6

0.7

0.3

na

Biogas

15.0

4.0

-4.1

3.7

   - landfill gas

12.2

3.2

-6.5

na

   - other biogas

2.8

0.7

8.0

na

Biofuels

7.1

1.9

-5.3

5.3

   - ethanol

6.4

1.7

3.4

na

   - biodiesel

0.6

0.2

-48.7

na

Hydro

58.6

15.5

6.3

3.4

Wind

45.3

12.0

3.3

16.9

Solar PV

29.1

7.7

18.0

59.2

Solar hot water

15.7

4.2

5.7

10.0

Total

378.7

100.0

5.3

3.2

Source: Department of the Environment and Energy (2018) Australian Energy Statistics, Tables D

Australian electricity generation from renewable sources

 

The figure shows Australian electricity generation from renewable sources in gigawatt hours from 1992-93 to 2017-18. Generation from renewables has doubled over the past decade. The composition of renewable energy in Australia has diversified significantly as wind and increasingly solar capacity has come online, with the share of hydro declining.

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