Energy production rose by 4 per cent in 2016–17 to 17,957 petajoules. This is consistent with the trend in energy production over the past decade. Coal accounted for more than two-thirds of Australia’s energy production in 2016–17, followed by natural gas.
Australia’s energy production has become increasingly export-oriented. Australia is a net exporter of energy, with net exports equal to around two-thirds of production.
Australian energy production, by fuel type
Australian energy balance