Energy production

Energy production rose by 2% in 2019-20, to the highest ever level of 20,055 PJ. Coal accounted for 64% of Australia’s energy production in 2019-20, followed by natural gas at 30% of Australia’s energy production.

Australia is a substantial net exporter of energy, including coal and natural gas, with net exports equating to over two-thirds of production.

Australian energy production - by fuel type

Stacked chart energy prod fuel type This chart has PJ on the y axis and years on the x axis. There are 5 series representing different fuel types. Black coal is dark blue. Brown coal is pink. Oil and LPG is light blue, natural gas is teal and renewables are grey. Black coal has been the dominant fuel produced throughout the time series and has driven the overall increasing trend historically. However natural gas is now increasing as well. All other series remain about the same throughout the time series.

Australian energy balance

Chart of Australian energy balance This graph has PJ on the y axis and years on the x axis. Consumption and net exports are in a stacked bar format and production is a line series. Production is dark blue, consumption is light blue and net exports are teal coloured. The graph shows all series increasing, however production and exports increase faster than consumption, which is flattening off. Consumption and exports both sit underneath production. When combined together trend the same as the prod type