Electricity generation

Total electricity generation in Australia in 2018 was around 261 terawatt hours. This figure includes all electricity generation, including by power plants and generation for own use by businesses and households.
Fossil fuels contributed 81 per cent of total electricity generation in 2018, including coal (60 per cent), gas (19 per cent) and oil (2 percent). Australia is now less reliant on coal than at the beginning of the century, when coal’s share was more than 80 per cent of electricity generation.
Renewables contributed 19 per cent of total electricity generation in 2018, specifically hydro (7 per cent), wind (6 per cent), and solar (5 per cent). The share of renewable energy generation increased from 15 per cent in 2017.
About 12 per cent of Australia’s electricity was generated outside the electricity sector by business and households in 2016–17.

Australian electricity generation

The figure shows total Australian electricity generation and renewable electricity generation in terawatt hours between 1977-78 to 2017-18 and calendar year 2018. Total electricity generation in Australia in 2018 was around 261 terawatt hours.

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Australian electricity generation fuel mix

This figure shows Australian electricity generation fuel mix in shares from 1992-93 to 2017-18 and calendar year 2018. Fossil fuels contributed 81 per cent of total electricity generation in 2018, including coal (60 per cent), gas (19 per cent) and oil (2 percent). Australia is now less reliant on coal than at the beginning of the century, when coal’s share was more than 80 per cent of electricity generation. Renewables contributed 19 per cent of total electricity generation in 2018, specifically hydro (7 per cent), wind (6 per cent), and solar (5 per cent).

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Australian electricity generation fuel mix, calendar year 2018

This figure shows Australian electricity generation fuel mix in shares in calendar year 2018 by state and territory. Electricity generation fuel mix varies across states and territories. Coal continued to dominate in NSW, Victoria and Queensland in 2018. Gas accounted for half of SA generation, almost two-thirds of WA generation and three-quarters of NT generation. Renewables accounted for 95 per cent of generation in Tasmania and half of SA generation.

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Australian electricity generation, by industry, 2016–17

The figure shows the percentage composition of Australian electricity generation by the electricity sector, by industry, and from small scale solar photovoltaic production, in 2016-17. About 12 per cent of Australia’s electricity was generated by industry and households. This share varies considerably across state and territories, including contributing over one-third of total generation in Western Australia.

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